Student: Justin Spec
Advisor: Fabrizio Gallanti
Studio: Design Studio Option (DST)
Year/Term: Fall 2016
Located in Ottawa, Ontario, this project proposes a redevelopment of the inter-city Greyhound station on its existing site within the Catherine Street corridor. Immediately north of a prominent highway, this site suffers from noise and pollution, a lack of pedestrian-friendly streetscapes, vacant buildings, few amenities, and little greenspace. The adjacent context consists primarily of light-industrial uses, offices, a school, and low-scale residential buildings. Peculiarly, the site, as well as its immediate context, is zoned under city policy for extremely dense development, which has yet to be fulfilled. The initial goal of the project is to create a gateway landmark for visitors’ first and last impression of Canada’s capital city. Secondly, the project aims to spur surrounding development to achieve the goals established by city policy, providing a functional example of mixed-use development, pedestrian-friendly streetscapes, and active public areas. In developing a new bus station, the mixed-use approach enables a fully functional and activated building. Vital to the project is its urban connections and unique response to travelers and community members alike. Within the new building exist bus infrastructure, cafes, art installations, theaters, office space, a hotel, restaurants, a greenhouse, a food court, retail space, public greenspace, a gym, and a viewing deck. The form consists of a podium ranging from two to six storeys, and two point-towers. Initial massing was derived from a pair of interwoven ramping systems, one in which buses ascended to the second storey upon arrival, and the other in which community members and visitors alike could access the roof to use public amenities. The sunken first floor and raised bus ramp offer seamless connections through the site and building – an uncommon characteristic of typical bus stations inhibited by vehicular circulation. The sloping roof responds both to community access as well as context scale. Protruding through the façade, the floor slabs depict the shifting interior spaces, legible from the exterior. Varying opacities of exterior cladding represent the fluctuating public nature of each program. The tower design responds to their proximity to the highway with a parametric relationship of cladding materials based on levels of noise pollution. As a notable feature and identifying landmark, the taller tower is crowned with a series of rotated floor plates, directing views towards the Parliament buildings.